TYCHE – Beiträge zur Alten Geschichte, Papyrologie und Epigraphik https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche <p>TYCHE ist eine jährlich erscheinende Fachzeitschrift mit Sitz am <a href="https://altegeschichte.univie.ac.at/">Institut für Alte Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Papyrologie und Epigraphik der Universität Wien</a>. Gegründet 1986 genießt die Zeitschrift inzwischen eine hohe Reputation innerhalb der Altertumskunde. Alle Beiträge unterliegen einem Doppelblindgutachten und können in Deutsch, Englisch, Italienisch, Französisch und auch Latein erscheinen. TYCHE fokussiert auf den Bereich der Alten Geschichte, vom Anbeginn der griechischen Geschichte bis zur Spätantike. Einen besonderen Schwerpunkt bilden die Editionen und Interpretationen von epigraphischen und papyrologischen Quellen, wobei zusätzlich mit der <em>Korr. Tyche</em> und den <em>Adnotationes epigraphicae</em> ein Forum für kürzere Anmerkungen im Bereich der Papyrologie und Epigraphik geboten wird. In einem Rezensionsteil werden neue Publikationen besprochen. Neben den Jahresheften gibt TYCHE auch Monographien als Supplement- oder Sonderbänden heraus.</p> Verlag Holzhausen GmbH (Holzhausen Scientific Publishing) de-DE TYCHE – Beiträge zur Alten Geschichte, Papyrologie und Epigraphik 1010-9161 Un inedito cippo sepolcrale da Roma https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6498 <p>L’articolo presenta un inedito cippo sepolcrale ritrovato nella catacomba ebraica di Vigna Randanini in Roma. L’iscrizione è mutila e appartiene a una imprecisata sepoltura subdiale. Il suo recupero è avvenuto nel corso di ricognizioni del cimitero nell’ambito del progetto scientifico „Kollektive Bestattungen in Rom zwischen später Republik und Spätantike“, a cura del Deutsches Archäologisches Institut – Abteilung Rom come esito di un accordo di studio e ricerca con il Parco Archeologico dell’Appia Antica.</p> Carmelina Ariosto Antonello Vilella Norbert Zimmermann Copyright (c) 2021 authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-1 Due lettere latine frammentarie su papiro https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6499 <p>Nell’articolo vengono pubblicate due lettere latine private. Il primo documento appartiene a P.Vindob. L 1 e contiene una formula latina degna di nota, che segue sia il calendario romano sia quello egizio; il secondo (P.Berol. inv. 14105 recto) è relativo a degli affari: due particolari letture dei precedenti editori sono qui riviste.</p> Andrea Bernini Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-2 Von der Nekropole in den Kindergarten: Der seltsame Fall von zwei stadtrömischen Grabinschriften in Kärnten https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6500 <p>In diesem Beitrag werden zwei Grabinschriften, die im Kindergarten „Herrenhaus“ Fischl in Klagenfurt aufbewahrt sind, untersucht und ediert. Die erste Inschrift (CIL VI 21974), eine Grabstele, die bisher als moderne Kopie eines Monuments aus der Stadt Rom erachtet wurde, wird als stadtrömisches Original identifiziert. Die zweite Inschrift, eine bislang unveröffentlichte Grabplatte, deren Fundort unbekannt ist, wird hier zum ersten Mal veröffentlicht und als stadtrömische Inschrift erklärt.</p> Chiara Cenati Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-3 Public Land in Private Hands: Two Rent Receipts from the Archive of Asoeis and Atammon https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6501 <p>Edition of two rent receipts from the Philadelphian archive of Asoeis and Atammon (252-258 CE). The documents revolve around a large estate of public land in the hands of an Alexandrian magistrate, which is a key marker of the changing nature of land tenure in third century Egypt.</p> Graham Claytor Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-4 Invocations chrétiennes à Éphèse https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6502 <p>This article offers a revised edition of two poorly published late antique inscriptions. The first one reveals a cult of saint Michael related to two previously unknown villages of Asia Minor, probably in Phrygia. It also mentions the keepers of a prison, maybe located on the Ephesian Agora. The next inscription is a rare epigraphic testimony of a cryptographic code originating from Roman Egypt, more widely used later in Byzantine manuscripts.</p> Denis Feissel Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-5 The King, the Palace, the Circus, and a Notary. A New Late Antique Literary Papyrus https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6503 <p>This is the first edition of a hitherto unpublished Greek literary papyrus, which is housed at the Austrian National Library and dates from the fifth or sixth century A.D. It preserves an unknown narrative prosaic text, which is either a low-quality copy of an unknown literary work or a clumsy autograph of a local author, full of misspellings. The main interest of the text lies in its puzzling content and vocabulary.</p> Aikaterini Koroli Amphilochios Papathomas Copyright (c) 2021 authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-6 Der herakleopolitische Notar Paulos: Ein Kompromiss aus dem umayyadischen Ägypten — der bisher späteste griechische Vertrag https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6504 <p>Edition der möglicherweise spätesten notariellen Urkunde aus Ägypten aus den 720ern. Das Dokument ist ein <em>compromissum</em>, ein Schiedsvertrag, mit dem sich die Vertragsparteien im Zuge einer außergerichtlichen Streitbeilegung auf einen oder mehrere Schiedsrichter einigen und wurde vom herakleopolitischen Notar Paulos errichtet. Späteste Urkunde war bisher P.Rain. Cent. (719) vom selben Notar.</p> Sophie Kovarik Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-7 Five Feet Under https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6505 <p>An inscription kept in Nola, of uncertain origin and date, though presumed to date to the first century B. C., appears to commemorate an otherwise unknown poet named Nardus.</p> Peter Kruschwitz Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-8 Testamentary Manumission for Slaves of Roman Imperial Soldiers https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6506 <p>This article assembles documentary and legal evidence highlighting testamentary manumission as an important but previously undervalued path to freedom for slaves attached to Roman imperial soldiers of the principate (27 BCE–284 CE). Special imperial concessions permitted soldiers to easily make valid wills and manumit slaves in them (Dig. 29.1). Several particularly informative inscriptions and papyri, moreover, show us how this legal device was used in practice and allow us to surmise that it underlies many of the other, less expansive inscriptions collected for this study.</p> Adrian C. Linden-High Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-9 Herodot und das Ende der Perserkriege https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6507 <p>Herodotus’ choice to conclude his narrative in 479 BCE is usually taken for granted. Other historians of the fifth and fourth centuries however, including Thucydides, chose the endpoints of their narratives with an eye to specific political interpretations, and this contribution argues that the same is true of Herodotus: by excluding further conflicts between Greeks and Persians after 479, he intended to present the victory of the Greeks as a result of the cooperation of Athenians and Spartans, a political message with a particular salience in the late ‘thirties.</p> Nino Luraghi Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-10 Inscriptions from Karadeniz Ereğli Museum IV (Herakleia Pontike and Tieion/Tios) https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6508 <p>As a result of the epigraphic studies carried out since 2007 in the “Karadeniz Ereğli Museum” with the permission of <em>The Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism’s General Directorate of Culture Heritage and Museums</em> and the holdings of the Karadeniz Ereğli Museum, numerous Greek and Latin inscriptions from the Roman and Byzantine periods have been recorded and added to the literature. The inscriptions are all from Zonguldak (Eastern Bithynia) region where the ancient cities of Herakleia Pontike and Tieion/Tios were located. In the present paper, five new inscriptions are presented; four of them were found in different parts of central Ereğli, which is within the borders of Herakleia Pontike, while one was found on the banks of the Filyos (ancient Billaios) River in the village of Kayıkçılar in Çaycuma district, which is within the southern borders of Tieion/Tios. The importance of these inscriptions lies in the new information they provide on the socio-cultural history and prosopography of the cities mentioned as well as the ethnicity and status of individuals in the eastern part of Roman Bithynia. These five new inscriptions, with their titles and translations are presented below.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li><strong> Dedication to a god: </strong>With good fortune! I, the <em>Hieropoios</em> (sacrifice maker) Aur(elius) Zeuxios, son of Theodosios, inscribed (this) for god. 2. <strong><em>Ostotheke</em></strong><strong> of Alexandros and his wife Marciane:</strong> Alexandros, son of Alexandros, died at the age of 61. Farewell! Marciane, daughter of Marcus, the wife of Alexandros, died at the age of 45. Farewell! <strong>3. Gravestone of Quintus Vetina Pallatinus Rufinianus Onesimos, his wife Antylla, and their children:</strong> Quintus Vetina Palatinus Rufinianus (or the son of Rufinus) Onesimos (died) at the age of 75 made this <em>heroon</em> (= tomb) both for himself and his wife Antylla and for (his) children who lived blameless for ... years. Farewell O passer-by! 4. <strong>Grave <em>stele</em> of Asklapis, daughter of Kalas</strong><strong>: </strong>[Ask]lapis, daughter of Kalas?, [(died) at the age of ?)…]. <strong>5. Building inscription on an arch of a <em>ciborium</em>: </strong>… (made) this construction/work...</li> </ol> Bülent Öztürk Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-11 [C. Iu]lius Menodorus, il primo tribuno militare dalla provincia d’Asia https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6509 <p>A funerary inscription found at Ephesus records the cursus of a certain Menodorus, a fresh Roman citizen inscribed in the tribe Cornelia as well as<em> praefectus fabrum</em> and <em>tribunus militum</em> during his lifetime. The author believes that he must be identified with the Menodorus/Menas recorded by our literary sources as a sea-captain in the war against Sextus Pompeius, who at a certain point switched sides and was thence rewarded by Octavian with the inclusion in the <em>ordo equester</em>.</p> Andrea Raggi Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-12 Eine epigraphische „Werkstatt“ des 6. Jh. v. Chr. in Olympia? https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6513 <p>Während aus den früheren Grabungen in Olympia nur eine einzige bustrophedon</p> <p>beschriebene Bronze-Urkunde zutage kam, wurden in den letzten 60 Jahren vier derartige Dokumente in Schrift und Dialekt der Eleer gefunden und publiziert. Diese vier stark fragmentierten Bustrophedon-Urkunden, die sich in die Zeit von ca. 600-525 v. Chr. datieren lassen, fallen durch z.T. ungewöhnliche Übereinstimmungen auf.</p> <p>1) Alle runden Buchstaben (Theta, Omikron, Phi) zeigen denselben Durchmesser von 11 mm, was auf eine Normierung und längere Kontinuität dieser Schrift hinweist.</p> <p>2) Die Buchstaben sind sich trotz unterschiedlicher Entstehungszeit sehr ähnlich.</p> <p>3) Diese Urkundentexte sind alle auf ehemaligen - offenbar obsolet gewordenen - Bronzegeräten eingetragen: Beschlagbleche als Verwitterungsschutz, Kessel, Panzerschuppe einer Hoplitenrüstung.</p> <p>4) Die vier Urkunden betreffen Zeus und olympische Kultfunktionäre, bewegen sich also in einem einheitlichen Themenkreis ohne Bezug auf Politik und Agonistik.</p> <p>5) Drei der vier Urkundenbleche wurden verstreut im Umkreis der späteren Ostthermen gefunden, was auf einen möglichen topographischen Zusammenhang der drei Bronze-Bleche hinweist.</p> <p>Die älteste elische Bronze-Urkunde (ca. 625-575 v. Chr.) wurde im Gebiet der Stadt Elis gefunden. Sie zeigt ein wesentlich anderes Schriftbild. Es stellt sich die Frage, ob die Schrift der Urkunde von Elis die Vorstufe für die Buchstabenformen der vier Bustrophedon Inschriften von Olympia bildete oder ob zwei unterschiedliche Schrifttraditionen vorliegen. Die Diskrepanz zwischen den Urkunden aus Olympia und der aus Elis einerseits und die Homogenität der vier Dokumente von Olympia andererseits sprechen für die Möglichkeit, dass es im 6. Jh. in Olympia eine Art epigraphische 'Werkstatt' für Bronze-Urkunden gab, die sich von der Schrifttradition in Elis deutlich unterschied.</p> Peter Siewert Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-13 A Macedonian King in Arabia. Seleukos IV in Two Old South Arabian Inscriptions https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6514 <p>Zwei altsüdarabische Inschriften aus hellenistischer Zeit, Ry 537 und A-20-216, erwähnen einen „König Seleukos“ (SLK mlk). Die Autoren der vorliegenden Miszelle beziehen diese Angabe nicht wie bisher auf Seleukos I., sondern auf Seleukos IV. (die Inschriften wären folglich 186/185 bzw. 181/180 v. Chr. zu datieren) Die Umdatierung dieses wichtigen Synchronismus hat auch große Auswirkungen auf die Chronologie und Paläographie Altsüdarabiens.</p> Søren Lund Sørensen Klaus Geus Copyright (c) 2021 authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-14 Die Inschriften des Museums in Yozgat https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6516 <p>In July and August 2018, during the surveys under the supervision of the museum in Yozgat, a large number of monuments containing inscriptions has been found. One part of this research was concerned with updating the museum‘s catalogue <em>Die Inschriften des Museums in Yozgat</em>, which had been published in 2011. In this article, seven hitherto unpublished funerary monuments are presented and analysed, the appendix contains further information on previously published inscriptions. All of these monuments contribute to expanding our knowledge of north-eastern Galatia as well as northern Cappadocia during the Imperial and Byzantine periods.</p> Christian Wallner Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-15 A Petition to the Iuridicus from the Archive of Ptolemaios Son of Diodoros (147 CE, Theadelphia) https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6517 <p>P.Col. inv. 28 (Sep.-Oct. 147) is a draft of a petition to the Iuridicus, issued by three siblings in Theadelphia. It concerns a loan taken by the sibling’s father in 119/20 CE. The debt was probably secured by a mortgage. Some of the principal and the entire interest have been settled by the original debtor in 124/5 CE, but the creditor’s heir and present creditor disregards that settlement. The text was probably drafted by Ptolemaios, son of Diodoros, whose archive has so far yielded 22 texts (TM Arch id: 325). An earlier draft of a petition relating to the same dispute has recently been published as PSI XVII 1689. </p> Uri Yiftach Copyright (c) 2021 author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-16 Bemerkungen zu Papyri XXXIII https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6531 <p>Korr. Tyche 950–988</p> Amin Benaissa W. Graham Claytor Nikolaos Gonis Peter van MINNEN Fritz Mitthof Eleni SKARSOULI Copyright (c) 2021 authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-17 Adnotationes epigraphicae XI https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6532 <p>Adn. Tyche 116–118</p> Silvia Braito Karin Wiedergut Copyright (c) 2021 authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-18 Buchbesprechungen https://tyche.univie.ac.at/index.php/tyche/article/view/6533 <p>Frank&nbsp;Daubner, <em>Makedonien nach den Königen (168 v. Chr.–14 n. Chr.) </em>(Historia. Einzelschriften 251), Stuttgart: Steiner 2018</p> <p>Luis Ángel Hidalgo Martín, Jonathan Edmondsen, Juana Márquez Pérez, José Luis Ramírez Sádaba, <em>Nueva epigrafía funeraria </em>de Augusta Emerita. Tituli sepulcrales<em> urbanos (ss. I–VII) y su contexto arqueológico (NEFAE) </em>(Memoria 1. Monografías arqueológicas de Mérida), Mérida 2019</p> <p>Stephen Mitchell, David French, <em>The Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Ankara (Ancyra). Vol. II: Late Roman, Byzantine and other Texts </em>(Vestigia 72), München 2019</p> Klaus Freitag Silvia Tantimonaco Christian Wallner Copyright (c) 2021 authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 35 10.25365/tyche-2020-35-19